Automatic Ball Trap?
ABT is discipline that is very popular and requires very little to set up as only one trap is used. The ISSF have taken over the technical responsibility for setting the rules of ABT although they have yet to take the discipline into the World Cup circuit.
ABT is a single trap that continuously oscillates randomly through the vertical and horizontal axis. The trap is set flush into the ground in the same fashion as Olympic Trap and target angles are set to oscillate a maximum 45 degrees left/right. Vertical throwing heights are between 1.5 metres and 3.5 metres measured at a distance of 10 metres from the front of the trap. Just as Olympic Trap, the target is released via acoustic microphone from a series of stands 15 metres behind the trap. Targets are set to travel 75 metres (+-1 metre) from a throwing elevation of 2 metres at 10 metres forward of the trap.
Shooters move in a clockwise direction between stands as they shoot a target from the trap. Unlike Olympic Trap the target is completely random and no two shooters will have the same target presentation during a round. For this reason ABT is not accepted as an Olympic discipline as the shooters cannot be guaranteed the same targets in a round. However is is considered a good training and nurturing discipline for Olympic Trap.
Scoring is determined as one point for a target hit irrespective of whether it was with the first or second shot from the shotgun.
A line of competition comprises 25 targets and a normal domestic competition comprises of 4 lines. International competition is usually shot over 5 lines with a six person final to follow.
A very thin, flat, wafer of a target of about 100mm diameter which flies very fast and falls off very suddenly.
Compak or Sporttrap?
Compak Sporting, or Sporttrap, consists of 5 shooting stands, each within a cage to prevent inadvertently following a target to the extent of pointing in an unsafe direction. The stands are arranged in a straight line at 3 yard intervals. 5 traps are set around the stands to produce different sporting targets, and each one is marked with a letter board from A to E.
In front of each stand is a menu board showing the targets to be shot from that stand. These vary from stand to stand but each one has a single target first, then an on report pair, and finally a simultaneous pair. Usually 5 shooters go one onto each stand, when they will be shown one target from each of the traps. Then each shooter in turn has their single target, at which they can use both barrels if necessary.
Then each shooter in turn has their on report pair, and finally each has their simultaneous pair. Then each shooter moves one stand to their right with the rightmost shooter moving to the leftmost stand. The sequence is repeated until all shooters have shot at each stand.
Down The Line (DTL)
Down The Line uses one trap that rotates back and forth through 44 degrees in front of the shooting stands producing targets that are going away from them at randomly varying angles.
There are five shooting stands arranged around an arc centered on the trap with a radius of 16 yards, each stand being 3 yards from the next. It is usually shot with a squad of 5 shooters, 1 on each stand, taking turns to shoot a single target.
Two shots are allowed at each target and you get 3 points for hitting with the first barrel and 2 points for a second barrel hit with 0 points for missing. When each shooter has had 5 targets from their current stand they unload and move 1 stand to their right, with the shooter at the far right moving to the leftmost stand.
The sequence is then repeated until each shooter has had 5 targets from each of the 5 stands.
English Skeet (ESK) ?
English Skeet uses two traps set in traphouses 126 feet 9 inches apart. The left house is called the High house and the clay target emerges from this at a height of 10 feet above the shooting stands, and the right house is called the Low house and the target emerges from this at a height of 2 feet 6 inches.
Both targets cross at a point 18 feet behind a straight line between the two houses, and 15 feet above the ground. There are 7 shooting stands spaced equally around a semi-circle between the two houses, and this gives a wide range of target angles to be shot at.
A round of skeet consists of 25 targets shot in sequence from the 7 stand:
Stand 1 Single High, Single Low. Pair (shoot high first)
Stand 2 Same as Stand 1
Stand 3 Single High, Single Low
Stand 4 Single High, Single Low. Pair (you nominate which one to shoot first)
Stand 5 Single High, Single Low
Stand 6 Single High, Single Low. Pair (shoot low first)
Stand 7 Single Low, Single High. Pair (shoot low first)
That’s 24 targets, the 25th is either a repeat of the first target missed, or if none are missed then you nominate either High or Low from the seventh stand.
Skeet is usually shot by a group of up to 6 shooters, each taking their turn on Stand 1 before the group moves on to the next stand and continues round to Stand 7.
English Sporting (ESP) ?
English Sporting was originally a way to practise for a Sporting Shoot with targets simulating various quarry species, but is now a popular sport in its own right.
A round usually consists of around 5 stands each having a pair of targets which are shot at 5 times by each shooter in turn. Some stands may have on report pairs and some may be simultaneous pairs, and some may have following pairs.
The targets themselves are set to give a wide variety of angles, speeds and distances to provide as much interest as possible.